The Definition of Miracle
Miracles are extraordinary events that happen beyond the ordinary course of nature. Miracles are a sign of the divine intervention of Allah in the world. They are not random or purposeless, but rather serve as a testimony to the truth of the message of the prophets and messengers.
Miracles can serve to support and strengthen the faith of believers and can lead others to accept the truth of the message. However, they can also be a test of faith, as not everyone may accept them as a divine sign.
"And when We said to you, 'Indeed, your Lord has encompassed the people.' And We did not make the sight which We showed you except as a trial for the people, as was the accursed tree [mentioned] in the Qur'an. And We threaten them, but it increases them not except in great transgression." (Quran 17:60)
Miracles are often associated with the prophets and messengers who were chosen by Allah to deliver his message to the people. The miracles performed by the prophets by the permit of Allah served as a clear indication of their special status as chosen by Allah, and they were often used to challenge the disbelief of those who doubted the message. Even though miracles are not the only proof of the truth of the message, they remain an essential part of Islamic faith and history.
Throughout Islamic tradition, prophets have been supported by miracles as evidence of their special status and the truth of their message. For example, Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) was created without a father or mother, while Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) survived being thrown into a fire and was able to father a child in old age. Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon) (peace be upon him) was granted many miracles, including control over the wind and jinn, and understanding the language of animals. Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) was given a staff by Allah which he used to part the Red Sea and to perform other miracles. Prophet Isa (Jesus) (peace be upon him) healed the sick and brought the dead back to life by the permit of Allah. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was given practical miracles such as the splitting of the moon and the miraculous feeding of large groups of people, as well as being taken on the Night Journey from Mecca to Jerusalem and then to the heavens to meet with Allah. These miracles serve as a testimony to the power of Allah and the truth of His chosen messengers.
The Eternal Miracle
However, the greatest miracle of Prophet Muhammad is the Quran, which is the final and eternal revelation from Allah. The Quran is the ultimate miracle of Islam, as it is a divine book that contains guidance for all of humanity, and its beauty and eloquence are unmatched by any human work. The Quran is a timeless and unchangeable guide to life, and its message remains relevant and applicable to all people, regardless of time and place.
In our times, it is not common for people to commit to Islam solely through witnessing miracles. Rather, many notable committed people have been convinced through dialogue, intellectual inquiry, good company and brotherhood in the Muslim community, and a thorough exploration of the teachings of Islam.
Abu Bakr R said when he was told of Israa & Mi’raj: "If I believe him in matters pertaining to divine revelation, then why shouldn't I believe him in the matter of Isra' and Mi'raj?"
Miracles as an Empowerment Tool
The Battle of Badr is great example, where the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his companions were greatly outnumbered and outmatched by their opponents. In this situation, Allah sent angels to aid the Muslims in their battle, providing them with miraculous support that allowed them to achieve victory despite the odds against them.
The miracle of Israa and Miraj occurred right after the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) faced rejection and hostility from the people of Ta'if. The Prophet had gone to Ta'if to seek support for his message, but he was rejected and even stoned by the people there.
After this painful incident, the Prophet made a heartfelt supplication to God, known as the Du'a of Ta'if.
"O Allah, to You I complain of my weakness, my lack of resources and my being unimportant in the sight of the people. O Most Merciful of the merciful, You are the Lord of the oppressed and You are my Lord. To whom do You leave me? To a distant person who receives me with hostility? Or to an enemy You have given power over me? As long as You are not angry with me, I do not care what I face. I would, however, be much happier with Your mercy. I seek refuge in the light of Your face by which all darkness is dispelled and every affair of this world and the next is set right, lest Your anger or Your displeasure descends upon me. Yours is the right to reproach until You are pleased. There is no power and no might except by You."
This Du'a reflects the Prophet's deep faith in God and his trust in His mercy and guidance, even in the face of adversity and hardship. It is a reminder that even in our darkest moments, we can turn to God for comfort and strength. Allah the All-Hearing, All-Knowing had a plan to tranquil the heart of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Allah invited His beloved prophet to meet Him as a reward to his patience and compensation to his wounds and comfort to his exhausted heart and assurance to Allah's aid and support.
Miracles are acts of divine intervention, yet it can be attributed to non-religious person. However, it is important to note that these miraculous acts are not considered to be on the same level as the miracles of the prophets, which were given as direct signs of their prophethood and were essential in establishing the truth of their message, in fact, those miracles are most likely a trial to people to signefy the true believers from others.
Allah may provide miraculous support to righteous individuals when they are in need and have exhausted all earthly means of support. There are some instances where righteous individuals who are not prophets have been granted miracles by Allah. For example, some of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) were known to perform miraculous acts during their lifetimes. The companions were very close to the Prophet, and their faith and devotion to Allah were so strong that they were granted extraordinary abilities. Additionally, some scholars in Islamic history have been attributed with miracles that are signs of their piety and devotion to Allah.
In other instances, throughout Islamic history, righteous individuals who have faced great challenges and hardships have been granted miraculous support by Allah. These miracles serve as a sign of Allah's favor and as a means of strengthening the faith and resolve of the believers. However, it is important to note that these miraculous acts are not to be relied upon as a substitute for sincere effort and striving in the path of Allah. Rather, they are a manifestation of Allah's mercy and grace, and a reminder of His power and majesty.
Miracles as Trials
While miracles can certainly inspire awe and wonder in those who witness them, they are not necessarily a guarantee of true faith or lasting commitment to Islam. In fact, some who are initially drawn to Islam because of a miraculous experience may later abandon their faith when faced with difficult challenges or unanswered questions. Therefore, it is essential to focus on building strong intellectual foundations, providing a supportive and welcoming community, and engaging in meaningful dialogue based on the eternal miracle, the Quran, with those who are interested in learning more about Islam.
The Miracles the Quran
The Quran is the miraculous revelation from God. It contains a wealth of knowledge, guidance, and wisdom for humanity. One of the most remarkable aspects of the Quran is the many miracles it contains. These miracles include its linguistic perfection and beauty, its scientific accuracy and foreknowledge, and its historical and prophetic accuracy. Muslims believe that these miracles are evidence of the divine origin of the Quran and its message, and they continue to inspire and amaze people around the world to this day. Let's explore some of the most significant miracles of the Quran and their implications for our understanding of the world and our place in it.
a) Linguistic miracles:
One of the most well-known miracles of the Quran is its linguistic beauty and eloquence, which is considered unmatched in the Arabic language. The Quran's style, rhythm, and depth of meaning are a testament to its divine origin.
The Quran's unique style and eloquence are a clear indication of its divine origin. The Quran challenges Quraish and humanity to produce something like it, and to this day, no one has been able to match its excellence. The Quran's style, rhythm, and depth of meaning are a testament to its divine origin.
"Say: 'If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support.'" (Quran 17:88)
b) Scientific miracles:
The Quran contains numerous scientific statements that were not discovered by humanity until centuries later. For example, the Quran describes the development of the human embryo in a way that was not possible without modern scientific tools. The Quran also contains descriptions of natural phenomena, such as the water cycle and the expansion of the universe, that were not known at the time of its revelation.
"Verily We created man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of hearing and sight." (Quran 76:2)
c) Historical miracles:
The Quran contains many accurate historical accounts, such as the story of Pharaoh and Moses, that were not known at the time of its revelation. The Quran also contains references to previous scriptures, such as the Torah and the Gospel, which have been verified by historical evidence.
"We narrate to you the best of narratives, by Our revealing to you this Quran, though before this you were certainly one of those who did not know." (Quran 12:3)
d) Prophetic miracles:
The Quran contains numerous prophecies that have come true, such as the conquest of Mecca and the spread of Islam. The Quran also contains descriptions of the Day of Judgment and the afterlife that have been confirmed by the teachings of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.
The Quran contains numerous prophecies that have come true, such as the conquest of Mecca and the spread of Islam.
"When the help of Allah comes, and victory is attained, and you see the people entering Allah’s religion in throngs, then celebrate the praises of your Lord, and seek His forgiveness, for He is ever ready to show mercy." (Quran 110:1-3)
e) Predictive Miracles: The Quran contains prophecies that have come true or are believed to be yet to come true. For example, the Quran predicts the victory of the Romans over the Persians, the conquest of Mecca by the Muslims, and the end of the world.
"Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but after their defeat they will soon be victorious. Within three to nine years. To Allah belongs the command before and after. And on that day, the believers shall rejoice" (Quran 30:1-4)
f) Moral and Spiritual Miracles: The Quran has had a transformative effect on the lives of millions of people throughout history. It contains guidance on how to live a righteous and ethical life, and its message has inspired people to become better individuals and contribute to their communities.
It is important to note that the concept of miracles in Islam is not limited to the Quran.
"Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds - for them are the gardens of Paradise as a lodging, wherein they abide eternally. [It is] the promise of Allah [which is] truth, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (Quran 31:8)
g) Numerical Miracles: The Quran contains several numerical patterns and codes that are believed to be a sign of its divine origin. For example, the word "Allah" (God) appears in the Quran exactly 2698 times, and the number of chapters in the Quran is 114, which is a multiple of the number 19.
"Say: 'If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support.'" (Quran 17:88)
h) Preservation Miracle: The Quran has been preserved without any changes or alterations for over 1400 years. This is considered a remarkable feat, given the challenges of transmitting, and preserving texts in ancient times.
"Indeed, it is We who sent down the Quran and indeed, We will be its guardian." (Quran 15:9)
i) Interdisciplinary Miracles: The Quran contains information that spans across different disciplines such as history, biology, astronomy, psychology, and economics, and offers a comprehensive worldview that integrates different areas of knowledge.
Astronomy: "It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; each of them floating in an orbit." (Quran 21:33)
Psychology: "Those who believe and whose hearts find comfort in the remembrance of Allah. Surely in the remembrance of Allah hearts find comfort." (Quran 13:28)
Economics: "Allah has permitted trade and forbidden interest." (Quran 2:275)
j) Literary Miracles: The Quran contains a unique style of language that is characterized by its eloquence, brevity, and depth of meaning. It uses a variety of literary devices, such as similes, metaphors, and parables, to convey its message in a compelling and memorable way.
"Verily, with hardship, there is ease, indeed, with hardship, there is ease” (Quran 94: 5-6)
k) Consistency Miracle: The Quran is internally consistent and harmonious in its message, despite being revealed over a period of 23 years and covering a wide range of topics. Its message is coherent and cohesive, and its teachings are complementary and interconnected.
"Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?" (Quran 21:30)
l) Guidance Miracle: The Quran provides guidance on all aspects of life, including personal morality, social relations, spirituality, and governance. Its teachings offer a framework for a just and ethical society, and its message has inspired millions of people throughout history to work towards a better world.
"And We have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?" (Quran 54:17).
These are some of the miracles of the Quran. It is important to note that the greatest miracle of the Quran is its transformative power on the hearts and minds of believers, which cannot be fully captured by any physical or tangible aspect of the text.
"O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered." (Quran 8:24)
"Allah has sent down the best statement: a consistent Book wherein is reiteration. The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and their hearts relax at the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whom He wills. And one whom Allah leaves astray - for him there is no guide." (Quran 39:23)
The Quran is a miraculous book that has been able to captivate the hearts and minds of millions of people throughout history. Its linguistic, scientific, historical, and moral miracles are a testament to its divine origin and authenticity. The Quran's ability to provide guidance, transform hearts and minds, and inspire people towards righteousness is a miracle by itself The Quran has played a significant role in shaping the lives of countless individuals, and its impact continues to be felt around the world. By reflecting on the miracles of the Quran and studying its teachings, we can deepen our understanding and appreciation of this remarkable book. Ultimately, the Quran invites us to connect with our Creator, to seek guidance and wisdom, and to live a happy life.